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Concrete Floor Renovation, Repair and Treatment Specialists

Buffalo: 716-831-7091

Rochester: 585-713-5808

Decorative Concrete Floors

Adding color to concrete floors is an easy and relatively inexpensive way to enhance an otherwise gray floor. There are, generally speaking, five methods of adding decorative color to concrete floors:

The MJA Company focuses on existing concrete and is fully trained and experienced with stains and dyes.

1. Water-based stains: For new or existing floors

2. Acid stains: For new or existing floors

3. Concrete Dyes: For new or existing floors

For new concrete placement, there are two options available: Integral color and Dry-Shake color.

Although The MJA Company does not install new concrete, we can provide you with references to companies that we trust for placement and integral and shake-on coloring of concrete floors.

 

The difference between concrete stains and dyes

Concrete Stains:

Concrete stains react chemically with concrete to affect a permanent change in color. Stains may contain hydrochloric acid, metallic compounds and water. These chemicals react with the calcium chloride in the concrete and actually change the color of the concrete. Results with concrete stains vary depending on the properties of the concrete, even across different areas of the same floor.

Since concrete stains depend on chemical reactions for color, the results may be unpredictable. For instance, a blue stain may react with the concrete and actually deliver a green or rust color.

• Concrete stains are UV resistant and recommended over most dyes in areas that are subject to direct or indirect sunlight.

It is important to test several inconspicuous samples and allow them to
set for at least 24 hours before making a final selection of concrete stains.

Concrete Dyes:

Concrete dyes are pigments carried into the concrete by water or solvents. Since dyes do not react with the concrete's chemistry, they provide more uniform, predictable results.

Water based dyes create translucent, marbled, variable effects.

Solvent based dyes create a more predictable, consistent appearance with deeper, opaque colors.

• Concrete dyes are generally not UV resistant and not recommended in areas that are subject to direct or indirect sunlight.

Although concrete dyes are more predictable than stains, you should
always test several options before making a final selection of concrete dyes.

NEW:
The Concrete Floor Report.

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  • Water-Based Concrete Stains

    Water-based Concrete Stains

    • Can be used on new or existing concrete.

    • Suitable for indoor and outdoor use.

    • Can be used on patched concrete and overlays but may not blend perfectly with original floor.

    • Virtually unlimited color choices.

    • Can be custom blended and diluted for a wide spectrum of colors and effects.

    • Application and cleaning is relatively easy and is done with soap and water. No chemicals are required for cleanup.

    • Excellent color retention and performance. Colors are absorbed into the concrete.

    • Color is permanent and UV resistant. Highly resistant to abrasion.

    • Changing color is not possible except in rare cases where new colors are darker than original.

    • Safe to use. No harmful or volatile chemicals. Low VOC.

    • Applied with sprayers, rollers, brushes, sponges, brooms or other tools, depending on the desired effect.

    Click for sample color charts

     

    Photo: Stained concrete with Lumiseal FX by L&M LATICRETE International

     

  • Acid Concrete Stains

    Acid Concrete Stains

    • Can be used on new or existing concrete.

    • Suitable for indoor and outdoor use.

    • Can be used on patched concrete and overlays but may not blend perfectly with original floor.

    • Colors and generally limited to natural earth tones.

    • Acid concrete stains can be custom blended and diluted for a wide spectrum of colors and effects.

    • Application and cleanup require use of acids and neutralizers. Vapors during installation of acid-based stains can be hazardous and require proper ventilation during and for a period of time after installation and cleanup. There may be additional costs for proper handling and disposal.

    • Acid stains provide excellent color retention and performance. Colors are absorbed into the concrete.

    • Color is permanent and UV resistant. Highly resistant to abrasion.

    • Changing color is not possible except in rare cases where new colors are darker than original.

    • Acid stains contain corrosive and hazardous chemicals. Proper handling is required by trained personnel. Eye, skin and lung irritation is possible without proper ventilation, protective wear and safe handling.

    • Applied with sprayers, rollers, brushes, sponges, brooms or other tools, depending on the desired effect.

    Click for sample color charts

     

  • Concrete Dyes

    Concrete Dyes

    • Can be used on new or existing concrete.

    • Suitable for indoor and outdoor use, however some concrete dyes have limited UV resistance and may fade over time.

    • Can be used on patched concrete and overlays but may not blend perfectly with original floor.

    • Virtually unlimited color choices.

    • Can be custom mixed and blended for additional color and effects.

    • Application is relatively easy. Dyes are absorbed into the concrete surface and very little cleanup is required.

    • Excellent color retention and performance. Colors are absorbed into the concrete.

    • Color is permanent and UV resistant. Highly resistant to abrasion.

    • Changing color is not possible except in rare cases where new colors are darker than original.

    • Solvent based dyes are flammable and may contain contain corrosive and hazardous chemicals. Proper handling is required by trained personnel. Eye, skin and lung irritation is possible without proper ventilation, protective wear and safe handling. Proper ventilation is required during and for a period of time after installation. May present hazardous conditions in occupied spaces.

    • Water based dyes are recommended for occupied areas and where adequate ventilation is not available.

    • Applied with sprayers, rollers, brushes, sponges, brooms or other tools, depending on the desired effect.

    Click for sample color charts

     

    Photo: Dyed concrete polished with FGS-Permashine, LATICRETE International

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